Research outcomes and highlights

Selected research highlights from Prospero and its progenitor HPC systems at LJMU:

  • July 2023: Prospero helps characterise complex organic molecules in the most distant galaxies seen with JWST (LJMU news story)

  • Dec 2022: Prospero characterises the most distant galaxies discovered with the James Webb Space Telescope (LJMU news story)

  • Dec 2022 Dr. Juan Ahuir-Torres wins best presentation and young researcher award at the ISAAT2022 symposium for his molecular dynamics simulations.

  • Mar 2022: Physicists to simulate the evolution of the Universe (LJMU news story)

  • Jan 2022: Royal Astronomical Society award for ARI’s ‘virtual universes’ (LJMU news story)

  • Jan 2016: Galaxies are “wasteful” and retain fewer materials needed to build stars and planets, says new study (LJMU news story)

  • Apr 2016: Educate North Awards 2016 (LJMU news story)

  • Jan 2016: Simulated evolution of the Universe (LJMU news story)

  • Mar 2015: ARI creates simulation of the Universe with realistic galaxies (LJMU news story)

Major research grants (>£50k) linked to Prospero and its predecessors

  • Science & Technology Research Council Astronomy Small Award (x2), 2024-2028, £500,000
    PI: Professor Robert Crain
  • Science & Technology Research Council Astronomy Small Award, 2024-2028, £500,000
    PI: Professor Ian McCarthy
  • Royal Society University Research Fellowship, 2023-2031, £1,300,000
    PI: Dr Jonathan Henshaw
  • Royal Society Dorothy Hodgkin Fellowship, 2023-2031, £864,000
    PI: Dr Gavin Lamb
  • Science & Technology Research Council Ernest Rutherford Fellowship, 2023-2028, £526,000
    PI: Dr Robert Grand
  • Science & Technology Research Council DiRAC facility, 2022-2025, 470 million core-hours (in-kind £8.4 million)
    Co-Is: Professor Robert Crain, Dr. Andreea Font, Professor Ian McCarthy
  • Science & Technology Research Council Consolidated Grant, 2019-2022, £1.5 million
    PI: Professor Phil James, multiple co-Is from the Astrophysics Research Institute
  • Science & Technology Research Council Ernest Rutherford Fellowship, 2019-2024, £484,000
    PI: Dr Renske Smit
  • UK Research & Innovatation Future Leaders Fellowship, 2019-2026, £965,000
    PI: Dr Sebastian Kamann
  • Royal Society University Research Fellowship (renewal), 2019-2022, £434,000
    PI: Professor Robert Crain
  • European Research Council Consolidator Grant, 2018-2023, EUR1.7 million
    PI: Professor Ian McCarthy
  • Science & Technology Research Council Centres for Doctoral Training, 2017-2021, £226,000
    Co-PI: Dr Andreea Font; Co-Is: Professor Robert Crain, Professor Ian McCarthy
  • Royal Society University Research Fellowship, 2014-2019, £504,000
    PI: Professor Robert Crain

Publications, proceedings and white papers using Prospero:

2023

  • Realistic simulated galaxies form [alpha/Fe]-[Fe/H] knees due to a sustained decline in their star formation rates
    Mason, A.C. et al., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (submitted)
  • A Technical Review of a Novel Framework for Fully Coupled Modeling of Floating Vertical Axis Wind Turbine: Analysis of Aero-Hydro-Elastic-Mooring Behavior Using CFD-FEM
    Liu, Q. et al., 2023, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews (submitted)
  • JADES NIRSpec Initial Data Release for the Hubble Ultra Deep Field: Redshifts and Line Fluxes of Distant Galaxies from the Deepest JWST Cycle 1 NIRSpec Multi-Object Spectroscopy
    Bunker, A. et al., 2023, Astronomy & Astrophysics (submitted)
  • Inside the bubble: exploring the environments of reionisation-era Lyman-{alpha} emitting galaxies with JADES and FRESCO
    Witstok, J. et al., 2023, Astronomy & Astrophysics (submitted)
  • Discovery of a quiescent galaxy at z=7.3
    Looser, T. et al., 2023, Astronomy & Astrophysics (submitted)
  • JADES: Differing assembly histories of galaxies – Observational evidence for bursty SFHs and (mini-)quenching in the first billion years of the Universe
    Looser, T. et al., 2023, Astronomy & Astrophysics (submitted)
  • JADES: The emergence and evolution of Ly-alpha emission & constraints on the IGM neutral fraction
    Jones, G.C. et al., 2023, Astronomy & Astrophysics (submitted)
  • Constraining the shape of dark matter haloes with globular clusters
    Reina-Campos, M. et al., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (submitted)
  • Mapping the imprints of stellar and AGN feedback in the circumgalactic medium with X-ray microcalorimeters
    Schellenberger, G. et al., 2023, Astrophysical Journal (submitted)
  • Are the fates of supermassive black holes and galaxies determined by individual mergers, or by the properties of their host haloes?
    Davies, J.J., Pontzen, A., and Crain, R.A., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (in press)
  • JADES: Discovery of extremely high equivalent width Lyman-alpha emission from a faint galaxy within an ionized bubble at z=7.3
    Saxena, A. et al., 2023, Astrophysical Journal (in press)
  • Carbonaceous dust grains seen in the first billion years of cosmic time
    Witstok, J., et al., 2023, Nature (in press)
  • In-situ or accreted? Using deep learning to infer the origin of extragalactic globular clusters from observables
    Trujillo-Gomez, S. et al., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (in press)
  • The chemical enrichment in the early Universe as probed by JWST via direct metallicity measurements at z ∼ 8
    Curti, M. et al., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 518, Issue 1, pp.425-438
  • JADES: Probing interstellar medium conditions at z ∼ 5.5-9.5 with ultra-deep JWST/NIRSpec spectroscopy
    Cameron, A.J. et al., 2023, Astronomy & Astrophysics, Volume 677, id.A115, 19 pp.
  • Spectroscopic confirmation of four metal-poor galaxies at z = 10.3-13.2
    Curtis-Lake, E. et al., 2023, Nature Astronomy, Volume 7, p. 622-632
  • An empirical study of dust properties at the earliest epochs
    Witstok, J. et al., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 523, Issue 2, pp.3119-3132
  • Hydrodynamical Simulations of the Galaxy Population: Enduring Successes and Outstanding Challenges
    Crain, R.A. and van de Voort, F., 2023, Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Volume 61, pp.473-515
  • Constraining the shape of dark matter haloes with globular clusters and diffuse stellar light in the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Reina-Campos, M. et al., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 521, Issue 4, pp.6368-6382
  • Globular cluster metallicity distributions in the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Pfeffer, J. et al., 2023, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 519, Issue 4, pp.5384-5401

2022

  • Predictions for the X-ray circumgalactic medium of edge-on discs and spheroids
    Nica, A. et al., 2022, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 517, Issue 2, pp.1958-1969
  • Line Emission Mapper (LEM): Probing the physics of cosmic ecosystems
    Kraft, R. et al., 2022, White paper submitted to 2023 NASA Astrophysics Probes opportunity.
  • Galaxy mergers can initiate quenching by unlocking an AGN-driven transformation of the baryon cycle
    Davies, J.J., Pontzen, A., and Crain, R.A., 2022, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 515, Issue 1, pp.1430-1443
  • Radial distributions of globular clusters trace their host dark matter halo: insights from the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Reina-Campos, M. et al., 2022, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 513, Issue 3, pp.3925-3945
  • Intrinsic alignments of the extended radio continuum emission of galaxies in the EAGLE simulations
    Hill, A.D. et al., 2022, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 511, Issue 3, pp.3844-3862
  • The physics governing the upper truncation mass of the globular cluster mass function
    Hughes, M.E. et al., 2022, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 510, Issue 4, pp.6190-6200
  • Study of the Normal Force and Velocity Influence on the Fused Silica Scratching Mechanisms with α-Alumina Grit at Atomic Scale via Reaxff Reactive Molecular Dynamic Simulations
    Ahuir-Torres, J. et al., 2022, Proceedings of the 24th International Symposium on Advances in Abrasive Technology

2021

  • The survival of globular clusters in a cuspy Fornax
    Shao, S., et al., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 507, Issue 2, pp.2339-2353
  • The morphology of star-forming gas and its alignment with galaxies and dark matter haloes in the EAGLE simulations
    Hill, A.D. et al., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 505, Issue 1, pp.65-87
  • The kinematics of globular cluster populations in the E-MOSAICS simulations and their implications for the assembly history of the Milky Way
    Trujillo-Gomez, S. et al., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 503, Issue 1, pp.31-58
  • What to expect when using globular clusters as tracers of the total mass distribution in Milky Way-mass galaxies
    Hughes, M.E. et al., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 502, Issue 2, pp.2828-2844
  • Quenching and morphological evolution due to circumgalactic gas expulsion in a simulated galaxy with a controlled assembly history
    Davies, J.J., Crain, R.A. and Pontzen A., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 501, Issue 1, pp.236-253
  • Linking globular cluster formation at low and high redshift through the age-metallicity relation in E-MOSAICS
    Horta, D. et al., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 500, Issue 4, pp.4768-4778
  • The changing circumgalactic medium over the last 10 Gyr - I. Physical and dynamical properties
    Huscher, E. et al., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 500, Issue 1, pp.1476-1490
  • Predicting accreted satellite galaxy masses and accretion redshifts based on globular cluster orbits in the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Pfeffer, J. et al., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 499, Issue 4, pp.4863-4875
  • Kraken reveals itself - the merger history of the Milky Way reconstructed with the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Kruijssen, J.M.D., 2021, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 498, Issue 2, pp.2472-2491

2020

  • The ARTEMIS simulations: stellar haloes of Milky Way-mass galaxies
    Font, A.S. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 498, Issue 2, pp.1765-1785
  • The globular cluster system mass-halo mass relation in the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Bastian, N. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 498, Issue 1, pp.1050-1061
  • Galaxy cold gas contents in modern cosmological hydrodynamic simulations
    Dave, R. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 497, Issue 1, pp.146-166
  • An EAGLE’s view of ex situ galaxy growth
    Davison, T. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 497, Issue 1, pp.81-93
  • Where did the globular clusters of the Milky Way form? Insights from the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Keller, B.W. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 495, Issue 4, pp.4248-4267
  • Galactic outflow rates in the EAGLE simulations
    Mitchell, P.D. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 494, Issue 3, pp.3971-3997
  • The mass fraction of halo stars contributed by the disruption of globular clusters in the E-MOSAICS simulations
    Reina-Campos, M. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 493, Issue 3, p.3422-3428
  • EAGLE and Illustris-TNG Predictions for Resolved eROSITA X-Ray Observations of the Circumgalactic Medium around Normal Galaxies
    Oppenheimer, B.D. et al., 2020, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, Volume 893, Issue 1, pp.8
  • The BAHAMAS project: effects of a running scalar spectral index on large-scale structure
    Stafford, S.G. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 493, Issue 1, p.676-697
  • The quenching and morphological evolution of central galaxies is facilitated by the feedback-driven expulsion of circumgalactic gas
    Davies, J.J. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 491, Issue 3, p.4462-4480
  • The [α/Fe]-[Fe/H] relation in the E-MOSAICS simulations: its connection to the birth place of globular clusters and the fraction of globular cluster field stars in the bulge
    Hughes, M.E. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 491, Issue 3, p.4012-4022
  • Feedback from supermassive black holes transforms centrals into passive galaxies by ejecting circumgalactic gas
    Oppenheimer, B.D. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 491, Issue 2, p.2939-2952
  • The lensing properties of subhaloes in massive elliptical galaxies in sterile neutrino cosmologies
    Despali, G. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 491, Issue 1, p.1295-1310
  • A galaxy’s accretion history unveiled from its integrated spectrum
    Boecker, A. et al., 2020, Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volume 491, Issue 1, p.823-837